Publications

Smuggling between Syria and Lebanon, and from Syria to Jordan : the evolution and delegation of a practice

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): DAHER, Joseph, AHMAD, Nizar, TAHA, Salwan, جوزيف ضاهر, نزار أحمد, سلوان طه
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2022/32, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: In 2018, the Syrian regime expanded its control in the country’s western and southern regions. This shift in territorial control, however, did not lead to an interruption of illicit activities. [...]
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National reconciliation and peacebuilding in Algeria : lessons for Libya?

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): ZERAOULIA, Faouzia, فوزية زراولية
  • Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2022
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2022/07, [Libya Dialogue Platform]
  • Abstract: Algeria is a post-conflict society that experienced a controversial process of reconciliation. The author scrutinises this process by highlighting the principal measures that were undertaken by the government, the constraints, [...]
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Coming up through the cracks : the Islamic State's resurgence in Syria and Iraq

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): HAENNI, Patrick, QUESNAY, Arthur
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2022/16, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: The Islamic State’s attack, 20 January 2022, on al-Sina’a prison (al-Hasaka city) took both the international Coalition and the Syrian Democratic Forces by surprise. The Islamic State remains, on the [...]
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Factoring the economy into Colombia’s peace agreement : what has failed?

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): AGUIRRE, Mariano
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2022/06, [Libya Dialogue Platform]
  • Abstract: After five decades of war and four years of negotiations, in October 2016 the government of Colombia and the FARC guerilla movement signed a peace agreement. The 2016 Peace Agreement [...]
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Competition, collusion and smuggling : Syria’s borders with Turkey and Iraq

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): HATAHET, Sinan, ALDASSOUKY, Ayman, سنان حتاحت, أيمن الدسوقي
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2022/16, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: Smuggling goods in and out of Syria to Turkey and Iraq has long been an essential part of the Syrian economy. Smuggling was dominated by affiliates of the Syrian regime [...]
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National reconciliation in Rwanda : experiences and lessons learnt

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): SENTAMA, Ezechiel
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2022/05, [Libya Dialogue Platform]
  • Abstract: Rwanda became notorious internationally in 1994 when the genocide that mainly targeted the Tutsi people was perpetrated. How the country responded to the tragedy through national reconciliation is the core [...]
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Kidnapping for ransom : gangs threaten civil peace in Sweida

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): AHMAD, Nizar, ZAKARIA, AZZAYYAAT
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2022/15, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: In the Druze-majority governorate of Sweida, kidnap gangs have evolved from their first unorganised forms in 2012 to sophisticated criminal networks with highly clandestine activities and elaborate prison systems. While [...]
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النموذج الاقتصادي في مرحلة ما بعد الحرب في أنغولا: هل يمكن استقاء الدروس منه لليبيا؟

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): SOARES DE OLIVEIRA, Ricardo
  • Series/Report no.: 2022/04, Middle East Directions (MED), Libya Dialogue Platform
  • Abstract: تناقش هذه الورقة البحثية تجربة أنغولا مع إعادة الإعمار بعد الحرب، وتحديدًا نموذج الاقتصاد السياسي الذي اتّبعه الحزب الحاكم، أي الحركة الشعبية لتحرير أنغولا، في عهد الرئيس خوسيه إدواردو دوس [...]
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Lebanon, how the post-war’s political economy led to the current economic and social crisis

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): DAHER, Joseph
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2022/03, [Libya Dialogue Platform]
  • Abstract: Lebanon’s economy has been weakening since the financial crisis of October 2019. The roots of the current crisis are to be found in the country’s political economy. This approach dates [...]
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Morocco’s new development model : lessons for Libya?

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): TOURABI, Abdellah
  • Series/Report no.: EUI RSC PP, 2022/09, Middle East Directions (MED), [Libya Dialogue Platform]
  • Abstract: This paper examines a new developmental model in Morocco on the initiative of King Mohamed VI, one for addressing the multiple challenges that the country faces. The paper reviews the [...]
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Publications: 10/117