Publications

Waste management in Tripoli : a temporary crisis or a long-lasting imbroglio?

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): IBRAHIM, Rima
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/21, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: The armed conflict between the Libyan Arab Armed Forces and forces loyal to the Government of National Accord (GNA) from April 2019 led rapidly to a major waste management crisis [...]
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The private banking sector in Syria : between survival and opportunity

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): DAHER, Joseph
  • Series/Report no.: RSC, 2021/07, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: This study analyses the evolution of the private banking sector in Syria and the challenges and obstacles it faces after a decade of conflict with an eye to understanding the [...]
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Stepping away from the abyss : a gradual approach towards a new security system in the Persian Gulf

  • Type: Book
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): NARBONE, Luigi, DIVSALLAR, Abdolrasool
  • Citation: San Domenico di Fiesole : European University Institute, 2021
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: A series of incidents have recently brought the Persian Gulf to the brink of war. While all the countries in the region are wary of the catastrophic consequences that a [...]
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The covid-19 pandemic highlights the inadequacy of Sebha’s healthcare services

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): EL-FELLANI, Rema
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/17, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: The south western city of Sebha has had to deal with a multiplicity of crises over the past years. Since May 2020, the eruption of the Covid-19 pandemic has tested [...]
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The developmental state experience in Ethiopia and Rwanda : lessons for Libya?

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): MARU, Mehari Taddele
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2021/06
  • Abstract: Libya's civil war and complicated transitional situation have highlighted the need for Libyans to discuss and agree on a new vision of the country’s political economy and state model which [...]
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The remnants of the Islamic state in Syria : military action alone cannot defeat it

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): FAHMI, Georges, BARESH, Manhal, AL-OTHMAN, Rashed
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/15, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: After five years of fierce battles, in March 2019 a military campaign succeeded in bringing down the Caliphate that Islamic State (IS) declared in 2014 with the liberation of the [...]
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Rule by the Libyan Arab Armed Forces has disrupted the fragile balance in Sirte

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AL-HAWARI, Omar
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/14, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: In January 2020, as conflict was raging in Tripoli, Haftar's Libyan Arab Armed Forces succeeded in capturing Sirte. Because of the city's location and socio-political specificities, this constituted a key [...]
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The recovery of the local economy in northern Aleppo : reality and challenges

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): HATAHET, Sinan
  • Series/Report no.: 2021/05, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: The Syrian conflict has altered the ecosystem in northern Syria in many ways. However, the most significant shift has been Aleppo’s disconnection from the surrounding countryside, its suburbs having practically [...]
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Tribal ‘sulh’ and the politics of persuasion in volatile southern Syria

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AL-JABASSINI, Abdullah, EZZI, Mazen
  • Series/Report no.: 2021/04, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: Over the last few years, increasing political and criminal violence has dominated narratives emerging from Daraa and Sweida governorates in southern Syria. In their own localities, however, local notables have [...]
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What role for Syrian non-governmental organisations in Deir ez-Zor after the war?

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AWAD, Ziad
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2021/03, Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: During the years of war in Deir ez-Zor and the siege imposed by Islamic State on the pocket of territory in the city controlled by the Assad regime, Syrian non-governmental [...]
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Publications: 10/91