Publications

Tribes and power in Aleppo city

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): AWAD, Ziad
  • Series/Report no.: 2022/02, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: Throughout the war years in Aleppo, 2012-2016, many tribesmen from the Bab al-Neirab neighbourhood established pro-regime militias that fought against the opposition factions controlling the eastern part of the city. [...]
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Migration from post-war southern Syria : drivers, routes, and destinations

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2022
  • Author(s): AL-JABASSINI, Abdullah
  • Series/Report no.: 2022/01, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: Since its beginnings in 2011, the Syrian conflict has induced large-scale internal and external migration. Though fighting subsided in southern Syria in July 2018, Syrians have continued to flee the [...]
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Libya’s elections without a constitution : a risky gamble

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): CHERIF, Nedra, نادرة الشريف
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/59, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: Since the resumption of a political dialogue in November 2020, Libyans have failed to agree on a constitutional and legal framework for the general elections planned for 24 December 2021. [...]
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To stay or to leave? : the dilemma for independent Syrian businessmen

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): HATAHET, Sinan, سنان حتاحت
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/55, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: The relationship between the Syrian regime and businessmen went, over many years through different phases, alternating between antagonism and cooperation. However, it remained functional as the keystone of the economy. [...]
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On the edge of the capital : social engineering in north-eastern Damascus

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): EZZI, Mazen
  • Series/Report no.: RSC, Middle East Directions (MED), 2021/16, Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: For much of the war in Syria, the north-eastern edge of Damascus was a site of continuous armed conflict between the regime and the opposition, as well as a point [...]
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Chile’s path to a new constitution : lessons for Libya?

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): VARAS, Augusto, أوغوستو فاراس
  • Series/Report no.: RSC, Middle East Directions (MED), 2021/15
  • Abstract: This paper analyses the unique Chilean constitutional process that emerged out of a country-wide protest movement in October 2019. The protests arose from grievances connected to Chile’s 1980 constitution, which [...]
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Manipulating national trauma : the Assad regime’s wartime instrumentalisation of presidential amnesties

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): BOTH, Pieter Anne Gerrit, بيتر بوث
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/47, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: This policy brief explores the Assad regime’s use of amnesties during the Syrian conflict. The purpose of these calculated acts is multifaceted and varies according to prevailing political and security [...]
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Cuts to oil derivative subsidies : consequences for Syria

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): DAHER, Joseph, جوزيف ضاهر
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/45, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: In the past decade, the price of oil derivatives in Syria has risen as state subsidies have fallen. Since October 2020, the rise in the price of gas oil has [...]
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Dismantling networks of resistance and the reconfiguration of order in Southern Syria

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AL-JABASSINI, Abdullah
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/44, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: The 2021 Daraa al-Balad crisis and its outcomes have opened a new chapter in the history of southern Syria. The trajectory of the conflict, the terms of the final agreement [...]
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The families of Rastan and the Syrian regime : transformation and continuity

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): ALDASSOUKY, Ayman
  • Series/Report no.: RSC, Middle East Directions (MED), 2021/14, Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: In May 2018, the Syrian regime regained control of the city of Rastan, in northern Homs, through a combination of force and negotiations. Since then, the regime has relied on [...]
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Publications: 10/107