Publications

Rule by the libyan arab armed forces has disrupted the fragile balance in Sirte

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AL-HAWARI, Omar
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/14, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: In January 2020, as conflict was raging in Tripoli, Haftar's Libyan Arab Armed Forces succeeded in capturing Sirte. Because of the city's location and socio-political specificities, this constituted a key [...]
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The recovery of the local economy in northern Aleppo : reality and challenges

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): HATAHET, Sinan
  • Series/Report no.: 2021/05, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: The Syrian conflict has altered the ecosystem in northern Syria in many ways. However, the most significant shift has been Aleppo’s disconnection from the surrounding countryside, its suburbs having practically [...]
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Tribal ‘sulh’ and the politics of persuasion in volatile southern Syria

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AL-JABASSINI, Abdullah, EZZI, Mazen
  • Series/Report no.: 2021/04, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: Over the last few years, increasing political and criminal violence has dominated narratives emerging from Daraa and Sweida governorates in southern Syria. In their own localities, however, local notables have [...]
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What role for Syrian non-governmental organisations in Deir ez-Zor after the war?

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AWAD, Ziad
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2021/03, Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: During the years of war in Deir ez-Zor and the siege imposed by Islamic State on the pocket of territory in the city controlled by the Assad regime, Syrian non-governmental [...]
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Libya’s constitution : between conflict and compromise

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): CHERIF, Nedra
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2021/02
  • Abstract: With the prospect of reaching a peace agreement and holding a general election in Libya by the end of 2021, Libya’s constitutional future has recently gained renewed attention and triggered [...]
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Can Europe choreograph a Saudi-Iranian détente?

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): BIANCO, Cinzia
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/10, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: Geopolitical rivalries between the two shores of the Gulf are having a detrimental impact on the stability of the wider Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. European interests, such [...]
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Russian investment in Syrian phosphate : opportunities and challenges

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AL-ALLAF, Azzam, SAID, Salam
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/04, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: While analysts regularly point out that Russia is seizing Syrian’s natural resources including phosphates as a compensation for its costly military intervention to support Damascus, the question arises how these [...]
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How Sirte became a hotbed of the Libyan conflict

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): AL-HAWARI, Omar
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2021/05, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: The birthplace and former stronghold of the late Muammar Qadhafi, the coastal city of Sirte, was stigmatised and marginalised following the fall of the regime in October 2011. However, since [...]
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How global Jihad relocalises and where it leads : the case of HTS, the former AQ franchise in Syria

  • Type: Working Paper
  • Year of Publication: 2021
  • Author(s): DREVON, Jerome, HAENNI, Patrick
  • Series/Report no.: EUI RSCAS, 2021/08, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: The territories ruled by the Syrian opposition are being reorganised. The leaderless revolution has given way to a seizure of power by vanguardist and ideological organisations, be it the PYD [...]
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The fallout of the US-Iran confrontation for Russia : revisiting Moscow's calculus

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): DIVSALLAR, Abdolrasool, KORTUNOV, Pyotr
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), 2020/19, Russian International Affairs Coucil
  • Abstract: Amid years of tense relations between the United States and Iran, the shadow of all-out war has not been a constant feature of relations as it has become in the [...]
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Publications: 10/85