Publications

Breaking the cycle : a new American approach to Lebanon

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): NOE, Nicholas
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2020/35, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: For the last three decades since the near-simultaneous end of the Cold War and the end of the Lebanese civil war, United States (US) policy towards Lebanon has continued to [...]
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Private security companies in Syria : new agents at the regime’s service

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): BARESH, Manhal
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria, 2020/12
  • Abstract: In 2013, President Bashar al-Assad issued Decree No. 55 licensing private protection and guard service companies. Was the move towards the privatisation of the security sector part of a series [...]
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Between control and repression : the plight of the Syrian labour force

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): DAHER, Joseph
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria Project, 2020/11
  • Abstract: The most important protagonists in the 2011 Syrian uprising were economically marginalised rural workers, urban employees and self-employed workers. The war and the economic crisis to which it gave rise [...]
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State institutions and regime networks as service providers in Syria

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): DAHER, Joseph
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), Syria Transition Challenges Project, 2020/10
  • Abstract: The significant level of physical and economic destruction in Syria has impacted the capacity of the state and its institutions to deliver services, which is much lower than prior to [...]
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The popular mobilisation units as a relief agency : can the Coronavirus pandemic accelerate institutional transformation?

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): BADAWI, Tamer
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2020/24, Middle East Directions (MED)
  • Abstract: The coronavirus pandemic is helping the Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) in Iraq to function as an auxiliary relief agency besides its role as a combatant force. Iraq is expected to [...]
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The role of philanthropy in the Syrian war : regime-sponsored NGOs and armed group charities

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): ALDASSOUKY, Ayman, HATAHET, Sinan
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria, 2020/09
  • Abstract: Being exhausted by war and suffering from substantial economic losses, the Syrian state’s capacity to provide the people with social welfare has considerably diminished during the conflict. To compensate for [...]
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The Syrian presidential palace strengthens its concentration of power : the rift Makhlouf-Assad

  • Type: Other
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): DAHER, Joseph
  • Series/Report no.: Policy Briefs, 2020/21, Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria
  • Abstract: Two videos released by Rami Makhlouf at the end of April and the beginning of May 2020 have resonated like an earthquake in Syria by revealing a public rift with [...]
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The Baath party, local notables and coronavirus community response initiatives in southern Syria

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): AL-JABASSINI, Abdullah
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and post-conflict in Syria (WPCS), 2020/08
  • Abstract: In March 2020, the Syrian Ministry of Health and the administration of Daraa’s National Hospital refuted rumours of cases of Covid-19 and asserted that Daraa governorate was free of the [...]
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Elections in wartime : the Syrian people’s council (2016-2020)

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): AWAD, Ziad, FAVIER, Agnes
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria, 2020/07
  • Abstract: The composition of the Syrian People’s Council elected in April 2016 reveals how the regime attempted to renew its social base, which is assumed to have shrunk during the first [...]
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Festering grievances and the return to arms in southern Syria

  • Type: Technical Report
  • Year of Publication: 2020
  • Author(s): AL-JABASSINI, Abdullah
  • Series/Report no.: Middle East Directions (MED), Wartime and Post-Conflict in Syria, 2020/06
  • Abstract: Ever since the Syrian state declared its re-establishment of control over southern Syria in July 2018, it has been mired in difficulties in achieving unlimited and unrestricted access to the [...]
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Publications: 10/67